Essential Doas (الأدعية الضرورية)

Importance of Doa:

The Prophet (sm) says, الدُّعَاءُ هُوَ الْعِبَادَةُ ‘The Doa is prayer’.[1]  Allah says,اُدْعُونِي أَسْتَجِبْ لَكُمْ، إِنَّ الَّذِيْنَ يَسْتَكْبِرُوْنَ عَنْ عِبَادَتِيْ سَيَدْخُلُوْنَ جَهَنَّمَ دَاخِرِيْنَ- (غافر60)- ‘Invoke me, I will respond to you. Those who scorn in pride to my worship, they will soonly enter Hell in humiliation’. Here the meaning of worship is Doa.[2]

Allah also says,

وَإِذَا سَأَلَكَ عِبَادِي عَنِّي فَإِنِّي قَرِيْبٌ، أُجِيْبُ دَعْوَةَ الدَّاعِ إِذَا دَعَانِ فَلْيَسْتَجِيْبُوْا لِي وَلْيُؤْمِنُوْا بِي لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْشُدُوْنَ- (البقرة 186)-

‘When My slaves ask you about me, then you say that, I am close (to them). I respond to the prayer of the supplicant, when he calls on Me. So let them obey My directives and believe in Me. So that they may be led to the right path’ (Baqarah 2/186).

The Prophet (sm) says, مَنْ لَمْ يَدْعُ اللهَ سُبْحَانَهُ غَضِبَ عَلَيْهِ ‘Allah becomes enraged if the slave would not pray to Him’.[3] He says, لَيْسَ شَىْءٌ أَكْرَمَ عَلَى اللهِ سُبْحَانَهُ مِنَ الدُّعَاءِ ‘there is no prestigous thing to Allah than to pray to Him’.[4]

Merits of Doa: Narrated from Abu Sa‘eed Khudri (R), the Prophet (sm) said that when a Muslim prays for another Muslim, where there is no sin or cutting of the ties of kinship, then Allah as a reward of that Doa, gives him any one of the followings: (1) He accepts the Doa at once or (2) He keeps its reward preserved for the life hereafter or (3) He removes one of such difficulties from him’. The Sahabis, on hearing this, say, then we shall say more and more Doas. The Prophet (sm) says, Allah is more granter of Doas than that’.[5] So always must seek Doa one to another.

Conditions for acceptance of Doa :

(1) Doa should be with Hamd & Darood in beginning & finishing. (2) Doa should be with sole obedience to Allah (3) There should not be any matter of sin and cutting off the ties of kinship (4) Food, drink and clothes should be Halal (legal) and Taiyb (pure) (5) Should not be impatient for acceptance of Doa. (6) Should not be hopeless and do not giving up the Doa. (7) Should not pray indifferently and always should be firm optimist about the acceptance of Doa.

But if Allah wishes, he would accept the Doa of anyone in any time, even of an infidel or of a polytheistic, if he seeks pardon with repentance.

Process : Joining the open two palms will make Doa putting it face level in front.[6] At the beginning of Doa should say Hamd & Darood and then will say different Doas.[7] Such as : Alhamdu lilla-hi Rabbil A-lameen, Wassala-tu wassala-mu ala Rasoolihil Kareem’. Then after saying different Doas will say at the end, Subha-na Rabbika Rabbil ‘izzhati ‘amma Yasifoon, wa sala-mun ‘alal mursaleen, wal hamdu lilla-hi Rabbil A-lameen’ and then will conclude the Doa.

Manners of Doa : (1) Should beg most humbly and confidentially.[8] (2) With single mind and with fear & desire and by medium voice or without loudness in words.[9] (3) Should be substantial and rich in content.[10]

Places & times of acceptance of Doa:

Allah says, ‘Invoke Me! I will respond to you.[11] It seems that Allah would respond to his slave in any place, in any time and in any language. But in salat, Doa should not be done in other language than Arabic. There comes in hadeethes the urge to do Doa in some places & times, which are in brief as follows:

(1) In Sijdah by Doas of hadeethes except the Doas of Quran (2) In the last sitting between Tashahhud & Tasleem. (3) In Friday between sitting of Iman on the pulpit and turning in Salam at the last sitting of Jum‘ah salat. (4) In the night nafl salat. (5) In the condition of Siam i. e. fasting. (6) In uneven nights of 21, 23, 25, 27, 29th of Ramazan. (7) On the hills of Safa & Marwa facing Baitullah raising two hands. (8) In the field of Arafat for Hajj raising two hands. (9) Doa at Mash‘arul Haram, the mosque of Muzdalifah or out of it in his abode, after the Fajr salat till the eve of sunrise of 10th of Zul-hijjah. (10) Doa raising two hands on going away some distance after throwing gravels at 1st & 2nd Jamrah in three days of 11, 12 & 13th Zul-hijjah at Mina. (11) Doa during Tawaf between two rukans of Yamani & Hajar al-Aswad at the holy Ka‘ba. (12) ‘The Doa would accept when it is done behind someone with plain heart. One angel would be engaged there. When someone prays for well-being of his brother, the angel would say Ameen’ and say, for you also’.[12] Except those there are other places & times also.

Doa of three persons would be accepted surely :

The Prophet (sm) says, ‘Doa of three persons would be accepted surely and there is no doubt in it : (1) Doa of oppressed (2) Doa of stranger (3) Doa of father for his children’.[13] He says, be carefull about the Doa of oppressed. Because there is no barrier between his Doa and Allah’.[14]

Doas in different times (الدعوات فى الأوقات)

1. To begin any thing good: (a) Including taking food and drink, at the beginning of all good things should be started with saying بِسْمِ اللهِ Bismilla-h’ (I am beginning with the name of Allah)[15] and (b) should be ended with saying اَلْحَمْدُ ِللهِ Alhamdulilla-h’. (All praises for Allah).[16] (c) The Prophet (sm) has ordered, you say Bismillah when you shut the door & window and when you cover the vessels of food & drink. If you have nothing to cover, then you put a stick or a piece of wood on the bowl that would be safe from evils.[17]

This is to note that, to read Bismilla-h & Alhamdulilla-h and to take refuge with Allah, before and beyond any deed of sin is not permissible. Because these are the deeds of Satan. The blessings of Allah would remain with legal & good deeds only.

2. (a) Whenever you notice or hear anything of pleasure should say, اَلْحَمْدُ ِللهِ Alhamdulilla-h’ (b) if anything liking should say, اَلْحَمْدُ ِللهِ الَّذِي بِنِعْمَتِهِ تَتِمُّ الصَّالِحَاتُ Alhamdulilla-hillazi bini‘matihi Tatimmus Soa-liha-tu’ (All praises for Allah by the blessings of whom the good deeds have been completed). (c) If anything disliking should say, اَلْحَمْدُ للهِ عَلَى كُلِّ حَالٍ  Alhamdulilla-hi ala kulle Ha-l(All praises for Allah in every condition).[18] (d) If anything surprising should say, سُبْحَانَ اللهِ Subha-nallah’ (most holiest is Allah). Or اللهُ أَكْبَرُ Alla-hu Akbar’ (Allah is greatest).[19] (e) When anything of fear, should say, لآ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ La Ila-ha illalla-h (There is none to be worshipped than Allah).[20] The Prophet (sm) says that, سُبْحَانَ اللهِ وَ الْحَمْدُ ِللهِ Subha-nalla-h & Alhamdulilla-h fill up the vacuum (with virtues) between the sky and the earth, and اَلْحَمْدُ ِللهِ Alhamdulilla-h fills up the scale of virtues in the Day of judgement.[21]

3. Whenever anything sad happens, looks or hears, one will say, إِنَّا ِللهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُوْنَ Inna lilla-he wa Inna Ilaihe Ra-je‘oon’. (We are all for Allah and we are all shall return to Him’). (Baqarah 2/156). And then should say, if it is for himself :

اَللَّهُمَّ أَجِرْنِيْ فِيْ مُصِيْبَتِيْ وَأَخْلِفْ لِيْ خَيْرًا مِّنْهَا-

Alla-humma Ajirnee fee Museebatee wa Akhlif lee Khairam minha. (Oh Allah! give me shelter in this disaster and give in return for me better than it).[22] If it is a common disaster, then will say this Doa with Na (نَا) in the place of Nee (نِىْ) .

4. About sneeze :

(a) Who sneezes will say, اَلْحَمْدُ ِللهِ Alhamdulilla-h (All praises for Allah =Bukhari) Or will say, اَلْحَمْدُ ِللهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْنَ Alhamdulilla-hi Rabbil A-lameen (All praises for Allah, the cherisher of the universe).[23] Or will say, اَلْحَمْدُ ِللهِ عَلَى كُلِّ حَالٍ Alhamdu lilla-hi ala kulle Ha-l(All praises for Allah in every condition).[24]

(b) In answer to sneeze will say, يَرْحَمُكَ اللهُ Yarhamukalla-h’ (May Allah be kind to you).

(c) On hearing the answer will say who sneezes, يَهْدِيْكُمُ اللهُ وَيُصْلِحُ بَالَكُمْ Yahdeekumulla-h wa Yuslihu Ba-lakum’. (May Allah guide you and rectify your condition).[25] Or will say, يَغْفِرُ اللهُ لِىْ وَلَكُمْ Yaghfirulla-hu lee wa Lakum (May Allah pardon me and you).[26]

(d) The Prophet (sm) says, if anyone would not say Alhamdulilla-h after sneeze, you don't answer to him by Yarhamukalla-h.[27]

(e) If a non-muslim sneezes, then a muslim do not say Yarhamukalla-h’, but only to say Yahdeekumulla-h wa Yuslihu Ba-lakum’.[28]

(f) The Prophet (sm) says, Allah would like sneeze and dislike yawn. So when one of you sneezes and say Alhamdulilla-h then it is duty to every muslim who hears it, to make Doa for him Yarhamukalla-h. He says, the yawn is from Satan. When one of you yawns, he should check it by any means. Because the Satan makes laugh when anyone of you makes a sound of ‘Ha’ (by open mouth).[29] He also says, when the Yawn comes to one of you, then he should to put his hand on his mouth to check it. Otherwise the Satan will enter.[30]

(g) If the sneeze comes in salat then he is allowed to say Alhamdulilla-h, but not to make answer by Yarhamukalla-h.[31]

5. About the greeting :

The greeting in Islam is to give Salam to one another. ‘Salam’ means ‘peace’. One of the names of Allah is Salam. The Heaven is called as Darus Salam (house of peace). The root of the word of Islam is Salam. The follower of Islam is called as Muslim. So the life of a Muslim and his society is full of Salam i.e. peace. His last goal of life is to enter Darus Salam in the life hereafter. So in a Muslim society there is nothing but Salam & Salam i.e. peace & peace. By this greeting the Muslim gives assurance of peace & security to the stranger.

The Prophet (sm) says, ‘you give salam more and more’. ‘Salam to all either known or unknown’. ‘A rider will give salam to the wayfarer. A man on foot will give salam to one who is sitting. Small number of people will give salam to the large number of people. ‘The Younger will give salam to the elder’. ‘Salam of one for a group and to reply by one is permissible’.[32] If anything keeps out of view for sometime as tree, wall or rock and they meet further, then will give Salam one to another.[33] Whenever in a meeting, give salam when enter and sit there and at the time of coming out.[34] The prophet (sm) says, that person is the best before Allah, who will give salam first’.[35] It is Mustahab to welcome any honourable guest by going forward.[36]

This is to note that, the hadeeth of saying to say حَيَّاكَ اللهُ Haiya-kalla-h (May Allah keep you alive) at the time of greeting is Za‘eef.[37] But the hadeeth about saying حَفِظَكَ اللهُ Hafizakalla-h (May Allah keep you safe) is ‘Saheeh’.[38] The hadeeth about to give answer of calling with لَبَّيْكَ Labbayk (I am present) is Saheeh.[39]

The practice of Salaf-i-Soaliheen was not to give Salam to any vicious person. Such as Sahabi Jabir (R) do not give Salam to the sinful governor Hajjaj bin Yusuf.[40] This is not proper to make excess greeting to the heads of states except Islami greetings of Salam. Uthman bin Hunaif Ansari (R) had given only Islami greetings of Salam to Ameer Mu‘awia (R), such as he used to give it to the caliph Abu Bakr, Umar & Uthman (R).[41]

(a) Salam : اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ Assala-mu ‘Alaikum wa Rahmatulla-h’ (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon you).

(b) In reply will say, وَعَلَيْكُمُ السَّلاَمُ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ Wa ‘Alaikumus Sala-mu wa Rahmatull-ahi wa Baraka-tuhu’ (Peace, blessings and abundance of Allah also be showered upon you). One who will say Assala-mu ‘Alaikum will get 10 virtues, adding ‘wa Rahmatulla-h’ will get 20 virtues, and in adding ‘wa Baraka-tuhu’, will get 30 virtues.[42] The hadeeth of adding ‘wa Maghfiratuhu’ is Za‘eef.[43]

(c) If someone send salam to other, then in reply will say, ‘Alaika wa ‘Alaihis salam’. (Peace be upon both of you and him).[44]

(d) If one gives salam in the condition of salat, then the answer to it should not be made, except beckoning by the finger (of the right hand).[45]

It may be noted that during the pre-Islamic days of ignorance, there was the system of welcome as, أَنْعَمَ اللهُ بِكَ عَيْنًا ‘An‘amalla-hu bika ‘Ainan’ (May Allah cool your eyes) and أَنْعِمْ صَبَاحًا ‘An‘im Saba-han’ i.e. ‘good morning’. After Islam that practice has been omitted[46] and the system of Salam has been introduced.

(d) The Prophet (sm) used to give salam to a combined gathering of both muslims and non muslims, and when he crosses ladies and children used to give them Salam.[47]

(e) If a non-muslim gives Salam, then will say in answer, wa ‘Alaikum (that is also upon you).[48]

(f) Courteous greeting should be given to a non-muslim. But any talk, behaviour or deed should not be done which will be against the Islamic faith and practices. Such as ‘Namashkar’ should not say to a Hindu person, while the meaning of it that, ‘I am bending my head before you. Please grant it’. Similarly ‘Namaste’ should not say, while the meaning is ‘I am bending before you’. Rather both can say to each other ‘Adab’ i. e. ‘I show my courtesy to you’.

(g) Give Salam before talk.[49] The prophet (sm) has ordered, don’t give permission to one who do not begin with Salam.[50]

(h) Musafaha: It means shaking palms of each other (إلصاق صفح الكف بالكف) . At the time of shaking hand right palm of each other would have to rub with. Sahaba-i-Keram used to shake hands with each other.[51] ‘A-yesha (R) says, the Prophet (sm) would prefer to begin all good deeds by the right hand.[52] Shaking four palms of two men and touching it with the chest, which is in vogue, is an anti-sunnah custom. At the time of meeting it is not proper to bend the head and to embrace or kiss on hand and fore-head of one another, but only Salam and Musafaha is allowed.[53] The Prophet (sm) says when two Muslims shake their hands with one another at the time of meeting they would have been forgiven till they would be seperated.[54] The hadeeth about kissing hand and touching feet with hands is Za‘eef. [55]

So no embracing at Eid day. But should make Doa for one another. Because the honoured Sahabis used to say when they meet one another at Eid day, ‘Taqabbalalllahu minna wa minka’ or ‘minkum’ (May Allah accept from us and from you! -Tamamul minnah P.354). So this Doa should be said after saying Salam or Eid Mubarak, if one says.

6. About journey:

(a) Doa of coming out of the house:

بِسْمِ اللهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ عَلَى اللهِ وَلاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِاللهِ-

Pronunciation: Bismilla-hi Tawakkaltu ‘alalla-hi wa la Hawla wa la Quwata Illa billa-h’.

Translation: In the name of Allah, I depend on Allah. There is no power and no strength than Allah.[56]

(b) Doa of who gives one farewell: At the time of bidding one farewell to journey, one should read the Doa below taking (right) hand with hand of each, if he is alone. In plural would say ‘kum’ and in singular may say ‘ka’ in both gender. ‘Kum’ would say to a respected one.

 أَسْتَوْدِعُ اللهَ دِيْنَكُمْ وَأَمَانَتَكُمْ وَخَوَاتِيْمَ أَعْمَالِكُمْ-

Pronunciation: Astaudi‘ulla-ha Deenakum wa Ama-natakum wa Khawa-teema A‘ma-likum.

Meaning: I put your religion, your liabilities and your final tasks under the custody of Allah.[57] Here the meaning of Amanat is all liabilities upon him of his family and of journey. The meaning of final tasks is حسن الخاتمة i.e. the last good deeds before his death (Mirqat).

They also could say to him the Doa below with the Doa before :

زَوَّدَكَ اللهُ التَّقْوَى وَغَفَرَ ذَنْبَكَ وَيَسَّرَ لَكَ الْخَيْرَ حَيْثُ مَا كُنْتَ-

Pronunciation: Zhauwadakalla-hut Taqwa, wa Ghafara Zambaka, wa Yassara lakal Khaira haithu ma kunta.

Meaning: May Allah give you the capital of Allah-fearing, forgive your sins and make easy the well-beings for you in any place you remain.[58] This is to note that, to say Fee Ama-nilla-h at the time of fare-well, which is in vogue, has no basis. At the time of fare-well to walk some way with him is Mustahab (desirable).[59] In this time to seek Doa one to another, the popular hadeeth about it is Zaeef. That is, أَشْرِكْنَا يَا أُخَيُّ فِي دُعَائِكَ وَلاَ تَنْسَنَا فِي دُعَائِكَ (Oh my brother! take me as part of your Doa and don’t forgate me in your Doa).[60]

(c) Doa for whom ask it : Umme Sulaim, the mother of Anas, the servant of the Prophet (sm), when asks for him Doa, He says: اللَّهُمَّ أَكْثِرْ مَالَهُ وَوَلَدَهُ، وَبَارِكْ لَهُ فِيمَا أَعْطَيْتَهُ Alla-humma Akthir ma-lahu wa waladahu, wa Ba-rik lahu feema A‘toaitahu’ (Oh Alllah! increase his wealth and childs and give abundance in which you have gifted to him). Anas (R) says, there happened too much abundance in my property and children by this Doa.[61]

This is to note that, above Doa can be said for particular person, not for all. Because there are seperate Doas for patient and who falls into mishap. But the last portion of the above Doa اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ لَهُ فِيمَا أَعْطَيْتَهُ Alla-humma Ba-rik lahu feema A‘toaitahu’ is applicable to most of the persons. Or to say,بَارَكَ اللهُ لَكَ  Ba-rakalla-hu laka or ‘lakum’ in plural (May Allah give abundance you).Or to say, بَارَكَ اللهُ فِىْ أَهْلِكَ وَمَالِكَ Ba-rakalla-hu fee Ahlika wa Ma-lika or ‘kum’ in plural(May Allah give abundance in your family & property).[62]

(d) Then with Bismilla-h he will set his right foot on the transport and will say Alla-hu Akbar in low voice at the time of riding on it[63] and will say Alhamdulilla-h after taking seat.[64] Thereafter will say the Doa below, when it begins to run forward:

اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ، اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ، اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ، سُبْحَانَ الَّذِيْ سَخَّرَ لَنَا هَذَا وَمَا كُنَّا لَهُ مُقْرِنِيْنَ وَإِنَّا إِلَى رَبِّنَا لَمُنْقَلِبُوْنَ، اَللَّهُمَّ إِنَّا نَسْأَلُكَ فِيْ سَفَرِنَا هَذَا الْبِرَّ وَالتَّقْوَى وَمِنَ الْعَمَلِ مَا تَرْضَى، اَللَّهُمَّ هَوِّنْ عَلَيْنَا سَفَرَنَا هَذَا وَاطْوِ لَنَا بُعْدَهُ، اَللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ الصَّاحِبُ فِي السَّفَرِ وَالْخَلِيْفَةُ فِي الْأَهْلِ وَالْمَالِ، اَللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ وَعْثَاءِ السَّفَرِ وَكَآبَةِ الْمَنْظَرِ وَسُوْءِ الْمُنْقَلَبِ فِي الْمَالِ وَ الْأَهْلِ-

Pronunciation: Alla-hu Akbar (3 times). Subha-nallazee Sakkhara Lana ha-za wama kunna lahu Muqrineena, wa inna ila Rabbina Lamunqaliboon. Alla-humma inna Nas’aluka fee Safarina ha-zal Birra wat Taqwa wa minal ‘Amali ma Tarza. Alla-humma Hauwin ‘Alaina Safarana ha-za Watwi Lana Bu‘dahu. Alla-humma Antas Sa-hibu fis Safari wal Khaleefatu fil Ahli wal Ma-li. Alla-humma innee A‘oozubika min Wa‘tha-is Safari wa Ka’a-batil Manzari wa Soo’il Munqalabi fil Ma-li wal Ahli.    

Meaning: Allah is greatest (3 times). Holiest is the Being, who has subjected this vehicle to us, and we could never have it (by our efforts). And surely we are to return to our Lord indeed’.[65] Oh Allah! we pray to you in this journey the goodness and Allah-fearing and we pray the deeds which you like. Oh Allah! make this journey easy to us and make shortened its distance to us. Oh Allah! you are the companion in journey and guardian in my family and property. Oh Allah! I seek refuge with you from the sufferings of journey, unpleasant scenery and bad return to the family and property.[66]

(e) On reaching to a new place or to be safe from any kind of harmful things will pray-

 أَعُوْذُ بِكَلِمَاتِ اللهِ التَّامَّاتِ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا خَلَقَ A‘oozu bikalima-tilla-hit Ta-mma-ti min Sharri ma Khalaqa’ (I beg shelter to Allah by his complete messages from the evil of what he has created’). The Prophet (sm) says, ‘if one prays by it, anything will not do harm to him till he returns from that place’.[67] He says, ‘if it is read at evening, the snake or scorpion will not bite him that night’.[68]

(f) Doa on return from journey:

اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ، اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ، اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ، لآ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لآ شَرِيْكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيْرٌ، آيِبُوْنَ تَائِبُوْنَ عَابِدُوْنَ سَاجِدُوْنَ لِرَبِّنَا حَامِدُوْنَ-

Pronunciation: Alla-hu Akbar (3 times). La ila-ha illalla-hu Wahdahu la Shareeka lahu, lahul Mulku wa lahul Hamdu wa Hua ‘ala Kulle Shaiyn Qadeer. A-iboona Ta-iboona ‘A-bidoona Sa-jidoona, li Rabbina Ha-midoona.

Translation: Allah is greatest (3 times). There is none to be worshipped than Allah. He is one, He has no partner, for Him the kingdom and for Him all praises and He is all powerful on everything. We are to return from journey, confessing the sins, praying, prostrating and praising to our fosterer’.[69] Then on coming down from the transport will say ‘Subha-nallah’.[70]

The Prophet (sm) when would return from journey begins generally by two rakats of nafl salat in the mosque.[71]

(g) Doa to enter the house:

At first will say Bismilla-h.[72] Then give salam to the house-members (Noor 24/61).

(h) At the time of enter the house of another, one must beg permission and give salam loudly three times as much from out of the door. If gets no permission he has to come back.[73] At this time it is better to utter one’s own name.[74] After salam one is allowed to take permission and make howling the voice.[75]

7. Etiquettes and Doas of taking meal and drink:

Firstly be careful about the meal and drink either it is Halal (legal) and Tayib (pure) or not (Baqarah 2/168). Otherwise do not take it. Then before taking meal you must have to wash the right palm. After washing hand if you hold anything, then will wash further at the beginning of taking meal. So that there is nothing could be attached with hand without your notice. If it is after wake up from the sleep, then will must have to brash the teeth and after ending of taking meal, should use tooth-pick and to make out the food-particles from the teeth. As because, if it remains there, then it would form caries when it would be rotten and it would lost the stomach and at last it will perish both of teeth and the stomach. Health would be broken at the end.

(a) At the beginning of taking meal and drink, one should remember first the name of Allah saying ‘Bismilla-h’ The Prophet (sm) has ordered, ‘you say ‘Bismilla-h’ at the time of taking your meal. Take food with right hand and eat from the near’. Don’t eat from the middle part.[76] Don’t eat or drink with left hand. Because the Satan takes food and drinks with left hand.[77] 

(b) If any portion of food is dropped down, then take it up and eat after due cleanning and don’t leave it for Satan’. At the end of eating before washing, you lick your plate and fingers fairly. Because you do not know, in which food there lies abundance for you.[78] Some one eats the remains after washing the plate. Some one licks the plate with his tongue without licking by the fingers. These are excess merely. After taking meal, hand should wash properly (by the soap or other), so that nothing could be attached with it.[79]

(c) The Prophet (sm) prohibits to take water setting lip with the pitcher and to take meal and drink in standing position.[80] But he would take the water of Zamzam and rest of the water after ablution in standing position.[81] Do not breathe into the water-pot but breathe thrice out of the pot (and will take the water calmly).[82]

(d) To serve the meal, begin from the right side.[83] 

(e) The Prophet (sm) says, a few mouthfuls of food are sufficient for the progenies of Adam, by which he may keep straight his waist (and may perform the prayer to Allah). If you take meal after it, then you fill up one third of your belly by the food and one third by the water and leave one third vacant for breathing.[84] He says, ‘the food of one Mumin (believer on Allah) would be taken by two Mumins, that of two Mumins would be taken by four and that of four would be taken by eight’[85] (that means they always take meal in minimum). Because, ‘the Mumin takes food in one belly while the Kafir (Infidel) takes it in seven bellies’[86] (that means they always take meal in maximum).

(f) It is not proper to take food in slanting or reclining position.[87]

(g) The Satan participates when ‘Bismilla-h’ is not said at the beginning of eating.[88]

(h) If one forgets to say ‘Bismilla-h’ at the beginning of taking food, then will say (before ending) بِسْمِ اللهِ أَوَّلَهُ وَآخِرَهُ Bismilla-hi Auwalahu wa A-khirahu’. (In the name of Allah at it’s beginning and it’s finishing).[89]

(i) After taking food and drink will say,

(1) اَلْحَمْدُ ِللهِ Alhamdulilla-h’ (All praises for Allah).[90] Or will say,

(2) اَلْحَمْدُ ِللهِ الَّذِي أَطْعَمَنِي هَذَا وَرَزَقَنِيْهِ مِنْ غَيْرِ حَوْلٍ مِنِّيْ وَلاَ قُوَّةٍ-

(2) Alhamdulilla-hillazee At‘amanee ha-za wa Razhaqaneehi min ghairi Hawlim minnee wa la quwah’. (All praises for Allah, who has given me this food & drink and has given it to me without my capacity and ability). The Prophet (sm) says, who will say it after taking meal, all sins he had committed before, would be pardoned’.[91] Or will say,

(3) اَللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ لَنَا فِيْهِ وَأَطْعِمْنَا خَيْرًا مِّنْهُ-

(3) Alla-humma Ba-rik Lana feehi wa At‘imna Khairam minhu’ (Oh Allah! give us abundance in this meal and give us food better than it).[92]

(4) After drinking milk will say,

(4) اَللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ لَنَا فِيْهِ وَزِدْنَا مِنْهُ-

Alla-humma Ba-rik lana feehi wa Zhidna minhu’. (Oh Allah! give us abundance in this and increase in it). The Prophet (sm) says, ‘because there is nothing to be sufficient for food & drink except the milk’.[93]

Besides these, there are another Doas for taking meal & drink as well.

(j) The time of removal of the plate or cloth (Dastarkhan) after taking meal will say, اَلْحَمْدُ ِللهِ حَمْدًا كَثِيرًا طَيِّبًا مُّبَارَكًا فِيْهِ Alhamdulillahi Hamdan Katheeran Taiyebam Muba-rakan feehi’. (All praises for Allah, which are countless, sacred and full of abundance).[94]

(k) The Prophet (sm) would like sweet and honey.[95]  

8. Doas for the host:

(1) اَللَّهُمَّ أَطْعِمْ مَنْ أطْعَمَنِى وَاسْقِ مَنْ سَقَانِىْ-

(1) Allah-humma At‘im man At‘amani Wasqi man Saqa-ni. (Oh Allah! give him food who give me food and give him drink who give me drink).[96] In plural will say ‘Na’ in the place of ‘Ni’. Or will say,

(2) أَفْطَرَ عِنْدَكُمُ الصَّائِمُوْنَ وَأَكَلَ طَعَامَكُمُ الْأَبْرَارُ وَصَلَّتْ عَلَيْكُمْ الْمَلآئِكَةُ- (2) Aftara ‘Indakumus Sa-emoon, wa Akala Ta‘a-makumul Abra-ru, wa Sallat ‘Alaikumul Mala-ikah). (Fasting Muslims take Iftar (i.e. breaking of fasting just after the sunset) to you, pious men take your food and Angels ask for your forgiveness’).[97] Or will say,

(3) اَللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ لَهُمْ فِي مَا رَزَقْتَهُمْ وَاغْفِرْ لَهُمْ وَارْحَمْهُمْ-

(3) Alla-humma Ba-rik lahum feema Razhaqtahum, Waghfir lahum, Warhamhum. (Oh Allah! give abundance to their livelihood which you have given to them. You forgive them and be kind to them).[98]

9. Doa at sleeping & waking up:

(a) Lying to right side will say, بِاسْمِكَ اللٌّهُمَّ أَمُوْتُ وَأَحْيَا Bismikalla-humma Amootu wa Ahya’ (In the name of you, Oh Allah! I am to die and I am to live). (b) Will say at waking up, اَلْحَمْدُ ِللهِ الَّذِي أَحْيَانَا بَعْدَ مَا أَمَاتَنَا وَإِلَيْهِ النُّشُوْرُ Alhamdu lilla-hillazee Ahya-na ba‘da ma Ama-tana wa ilaihin Nushoor’. (All praises for Allah, who gives us life after giving us death and to Him the resurrection).[99]

10. About Siam (Fasting):

(a) Doa at the time of Iftar (i. e. the breaking of fasting just after the sunset):

بِسْمِ اللهِ ‘Bismlla-h’. (In the name of Allah, I am to begin).

(b) Doa at the end of Iftar:

اَلْحَمْدُ ِللهِ (1) (All praises for Allah). Or to say (with it),

ذَهَبَ الظَّمَأُ وَابْتَلَّتِ الْعُرُوْقُ وَثَبَتَ الْأَجْرُ إِنْ شَآءَ اللهُ-

(2) Zahabaz zama’u wabtallatil ‘Urooqu wa thabatal Ajru Insha-Allah’ (Thirst is slaked, veins are alive and the reward is sure, if Allah wishes’).[100]

(c) Particular Doa in Lailatul Qadr:

The Prophet (sm) taught ‘A-yesha (R) to pray in uneven nights of last ten of Ramazan by the Doa below:

اَللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوّ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي-

Alla-humma Innaka ‘Afuvun Tohebbul ‘Afwa Fa‘fo ‘Annee’ (Oh Allah! you are forgiving. You love to forgive. So you forgive me’).[101]

11. Doa at the time of fear of any powerful one:

(ا) اَللَّهُمَّ إِنَّا نَجْعَلُكَ فِي نُحُوْرِهِمْ وَنَعُوْذُ بِكَ مِنْ شُرُوْرِهِمْ-

(a) Alla-humma Inna Naj‘aluka fee Nuhoorihim wa Na‘oozu bika min Shuroorihim’. (Oh Allah! We place you against them and we seek your shelter from their evils).[102]

(b) Or to say,

(ب) اَللَّهُمَّ إِنِّيْ أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا عَمِلْتُ وَمِنْ شَرِّ مَا لَمْ أَعْمَلْ -

Alla-humma innee A‘oozubika min sharri ma ‘Amiltu wa min sharri ma lam A‘mal'.

(Oh Allah! I seek refuge with you from the evil of deed which I have done and evil of deed which I have not').[103]

12. Ways to save oneself from the deception of Satan in salat:

The Satan used to create troubles in salat and qira-’at. The Prophet (sm) says ‘they are ‘Khinzab’ (a group of Satan). When you feel their presence, seek shelter to Allah and say A‘oozubilla-hi minash Shaitoa-nir Rajeem’ and spit to the left thrice. Narrator Uthman bin Abul ‘A-ss says, ‘in doing so, Allah removes the Satan away from me’.[104]

13. Saiyedul Istighfar i.e. the best Doa for seeking forgiveness :

The Prophet (sm) says, ‘the person who will read this Doa with firm belief, he will be dweller of Heaven, if he dies at night after reading it in the day or dies in the day after reading it at night’.

اَللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ رَبِّي لآ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ خَلَقْتَنِي، أَنَا عَبْدُكَ وَأَنَا عَلَى عَهْدِكَ وَوَعْدِكَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُ، أَعُوْذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا صَنَعْتُ، أَبُوْءُ لَكَ بِنِعْمَتِكَ عَلَيَّ وَأَبُوْءُ بِذَنْبِي فَاغْفِرْلِيْ، فَإِنَّهُ لاَ يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوْبَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ-

Pronunciation: Alla-humma Anta Rabbee La Ila-ha Illa Anta khalaqtanee, Ana ‘Abduka wa Ana ‘Ala ‘Ahdika wa Wa‘dika Mastata‘tu. A‘oozubika min Sharri ma Sana‘tu. Aboo-’u laka bini‘matika ‘Alaiya, wa Aboo-’u bizambee, Faghfirlee. Fa Innahu La Yaghfiruz zunooba Illa Anta’.

Translation: Oh Allah! You are my fosterer. There is none to be worshipped than you. You have created me and I am your slave. I am firm on my promise and pledge to you as much as possible for me. I beg your shelter from the bad effects of the actions I have done. I admit your blessings on me and I admit my sins. So you pardon me. As because there is none to pardon but you.[105] 

14. Doa of looking at the new moon:

اللهُ أَكْبَرُ، اَللَّهُمَّ أَهِلَّهُ عَلَيْنَا بِالأَمْنِ وَالْإِيمَانِ وَالسَّلاَمَةِ وَالْإِسْلاَمِ وَالتَّوْفِيْقِ لِمَا تُحِبُّ وَتَرْضَى ، رَبِّى وَرَبُّكَ اللهُ-

Pronunciation: Alla-hu Akbar. Alla-humma Ahillahu ‘Alaina bil Amni wal Imani wassala-mati wal Isla-mi, wat Tawfee-qi lima Tuhibbu wa Tarza. Rabbee wa Rabbukalla-hu.

Translation: Allah is greatest. Oh Allah! You make it appear on us with peace and Iman (faith) and security and Islam and with the ability (Tawfeeq) of those deeds that you love and be pleased on. (Oh Moon!) My and your Lord is Allah.[106]

15. (a) Doa at the time of storm:

اَللَّهُمَّ إِنِّيْ أَسْأَلُكَ خَيْرَهَا وَخَيْرَ مَا فِيهَا وَخَيْرَ مَا أُرْسِلَتْ بِهِ وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّهَا وَشَرِّ مَا فِيهَا وَشَرِّ مَا أُرْسِلَتْ بِهِ-

Pronunciation: Alla-humma Innee As’aluka Khairaha wa Khaira ma feeha, wa Khaira ma Ursilat bihi, Wa A‘oozubika min Sharriha wa sharri ma feeha, wa Sharri ma Ursilat bihi’.

Translation: Oh Allah! I pray to you its good effects, the good that is inherent in it and the good with which it is sent. And I beg your shelter from the bad effects of it and the bad that is inherent in it and the bad with which it is sent.[107] In another narration it is stated, لَقْحًا لاَ عَقِيْمًا  اَللَّهُمَّ Alla-humma Laqhan La ‘Aqeeman’ (‘Oh Allah! Fill it with goodness and do not make it empty of goodness).[108]

(b) Doa on hearing the sound of thunder :

سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي يُسَبِّحُ الرَّعْدُ بِحَمْدِهِ وَالْمَلآئِكَةُ مِنْ خِيْفَتِهِ، ( الرعد 13)-

Pronunciation: Subha-nallazee Yusabbihur Ra‘du bihamdihi wal Mala-ikatu min Kheefatihi’.

Translation: Holiest is the Being that the thunder and Angels would praise Him with fear’.[109]

(c) The Prophet (sm) has directed to read sura Ikhlas, Falaq and Nass three times each in the morning and evening at the time of cloud & storm and said, it will be sufficient for you from all other things’.[110]

This is to note that, in this time to say the Doa: All-humma la taqtulna bigazabika wala tuhlikna bi‘aza-bika wa ‘a-fina qabla zalika,the hadeeth about it is Za‘eef. [111]

16. Doa of nursing the Patient:

Placing right hand on the fore-head of the patient or waving the right hand on the body of him, one will read the following Doa:

(1) أَذْهِبِ الْبَأْسَ رَبَّ النَّاسِ وَاشْفِ أَنْتَ الشَّافِي لاَ شِفَاءَ إِلاَّ شِفَاؤُكَ شِفَاءً لاَّ يُغَادِرُ سَقَمًا-

(1) Pronunciation: Azhibil Ba’sa Rabbanna-si, Ishfi Antash Sha-fi, La shifa-’a Illa shifa-’uka, shifa-al La Yughadiru Saqaman’.

Translation: Oh the fosterer of mankind! remove the sufferings   and cure him. You are the curer. There is no recovery than you, the recovery which does not deceive any patient.[112] Or will say,

(2) لاَ بَاْسَ طَهُوْرٌ إنْ شآءَ اللهُ La BasaTahoorun Insha-Allah’ (No trouble, you will be cure, if Allah wishes).[113]

(3) Or the patient will say Bismillah thrice putting (right) hand on the place of pain and will say seven times the following Doa:

أَعُوْذُ بِعِزَّةِ اللهِ وَقُدْرَتِه مِنْ شَرِّ مَا أَجِدُ وَأُحَاذِرُ- A‘oozu  be‘izzhatilla-hi wa Qudratihi min sharri ma Ajidu wa Uha-ziru’ (‘The pain I am suffering from and the panic I have been striken, I beg shelter to the honour and power of Allah from its harm’). The narrator Uthman bin Abul ‘A-ss said, I have done this and Allah removes the pain which was in my body’.[114]

(4) Or the patient will pass two hands or another one by taking his hand will pass throughout his body lightly blowing into it by uttering sura Falaq & Nass.[115]

17. Doa to wear new clothes:

اَلْحَمْدُ ِللهِ الَّذِىْ كَسَانِىْ هَذَا وَرَزَقَنِيْهِ مِنْ غَيْرِ حَوْلٍ مِّنِّىْ وَلاَ قُوَّةٍ-

Pronunciation: Alhamdulilla-hillazee Kasa-nee Ha-za wa Razhaqaneehi min Ghaire Hawlim minnee wala Quwwah’.

Translation: All praises for Allah, who has dressed me with this cloth and has provided it to me without my capacity and ability’. Who will say it with fresh mind, Allah will pardon all of his sins before and after’.[116]

(a) The Prophet (sm) says, ‘the part of trouser which is below the ankle is in the Hell’.[117] But the ladies should cover down to the foot.[118]

(b) He says, ‘you put on white dress. Because this is among the best dresses of you’....[119]

18. (a) Doa for new couple after marriage:

بَارَكَ اللهُ لَكُمَا وَبَارَكَ عَلَيْكُمَا وَجَمَعَ بَيْنَكُمَا فِيْ خَيْرٍ-

Ba-rakalla-hu Lakuma wa Ba-raka ‘Alaikuma wa Jama‘a bainakuma fee Khairin. (May Allah bless you and give abundance to you and get you together in happiness).[120] Or to say, اَللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ لَهُمْ   Alla-humma Ba-rik lahum (Oh Allah! give abundance to them). On hearing the news of marriage will say to the bride-groom بَارَكَ اللهُ لَكَ  Ba-rakalla-hu laka (May Allah give abundance to you).[121]

This is to note that, all present will say personally the Doa above for the new couple. In this time the custom to pray congragationally raising two hands is baseless and to pray two rak‘ats of salat for the bridegroom has no proof.    

     (b) Doa of husband for wife after marriage:

اَللَّهُمَّ إِنِّيْ أَسْأَلُكَ خَيْرَهَا وَخَيْرَ مَا جَبَلْتَهَا عَلَيْهِ وَأَعُوْذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّهَا وَشَرِّ مَا جَبَلْتَهَا عَلَيْهِ-

Pronunciation: Alla-humma Innee As’aluka Khairaha wa Khaira ma Jabaltaha alaihi, wa A‘oozubika min sharriha wa sharri ma Jabaltaha alaihi.

Translation: Oh Allah! I pray to you for her well-being and her goodness on which you have created her. And I seek refuge with you from her evil and from evils on which you created her’. In this time the husband will take the hairs of her fore-head and pray for blessings by the Doa above.[122] There is hint in it to live couple as merciful and compassionate to one another.

19. Doa at the time of crisis:

(a)  يَا حَيُّ يَا قَيُّوْمُ بِرَحْمَتِكَ أَسْتَغِيْثُ Ya Haiu Ya Qaiu-mu bi Rahmatika Astagheethu. (Oh the ever-living! Oh the sustainer of the Universe! I pray shelter to the blessings of you). Anas bin Malek (R) says, the Prophet (sm) when faces any crisis or sorrow, would say this Doa.[123]

(b) In earthquake or in any disaster comes accidentally will say, لآ إِلَهَ اِلاَّ اللهُ La ila-ha illalla-h (There is none to be worshipped than Allah).[124] Or will say with it the Doa above. Or will say, Alla-humma Hawa-laina wala ‘Alaina (Oh Allah! take it back from us and not to us).[125]

(c) اَللَّهُمَّ إِنِّىْ أَعُوْذُبِكَ مِنْ جَهْدِ الْبَلاَءِ وَدَرَكِ الشَّقَاءِ وَسُوْءِ الْقَضَاءِ وَشَمَاتَةِ الْأَعْدَاءِ Alla-humma innee A‘oozubika min Jahdil bala-i, wa Darakish Shaqa-i, wa Soo’il Qaza-i, wa Shama-tatil A‘da-i.'  

(Oh Allah! I seek refuge with You from the sufferings of unbearable disaster, from the attack of mishap, from the bad decision and from the pleasure of enemies’).[126]

(d) اَللَّهُمَّ إِنِّيْ أَعُوْذُ بِكَ مِنْ زَوَالِ نِعْمَتِكَ، وَتَحَوُّلِ عَافِيَتِكَ، وَفُجَاءَةِ نِقْمَتِكَ، وَجَمِيْعِ سَخَطِكَ Alla-humma innee A‘oozubika min zawa-le ni‘matika, wa tahauuli ‘A-fiatika, wa fuj-ati niqmatika, wa jamee‘i Sakhatika.

(Oh Allah! I seek refuge with You from passing away Your bounty (from me), from the transform of healthiness, from the sudden attack of Your punishment and from all kinds of Your displeasure).[127]

(e) اَللهُ اللهُ رَبِّي لاَ أُشْرِكُ بِهِ شَيْئًا Allah Allah Rabbee la Ushriku bihi shaiyan (Allah Allah my fosterer! I do not make anything partner with Him).[128]

20. Tawbah & Istighfar (i.e. repentance & to beg forgiveness to Allah):

Allah has made a clarion call to his faithful slaves as: وَتُوْبُوْا إِلَى اللهِ جَمِيْعًا أَيُّهَ الْمُؤْمِنُوْنَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُوْنَ- ‘All of you go back to Allah, Oh the believers! you will be successful’ (Noor 24/31).

The prophet (sm) said, ‘Oh people! go back to Allah. So that I seek Tawbah hundred times in a day’.[129] He said, كُلُّ بَنِى آدَمَ خَطَّاءٌ وَخَيْرُ الْخَطَّائِينَ التَّوَّابُونَ- ‘All proginies of Adam are forgetful and the best of them are who repents’.[130] Allah would be pleased most when the slave makes Tawbah to Him.[131]

Conditions of Tawbah to be pure:

If it is between man and Allah then Tawba will be pure when it fulfils three conditions: (1) He should refrain from that sin (2) he should be repented (3) will not repeat that sin. But if the sin related with man, then as 4th condition, he will seek pardon to that person. If there is any claim of right to him, that should be paid. Otherwise the Tawbah will not be perfect.[132]

Doa of Tawbah:

(1) أَسْتَغْفِرُ اللهَ الَّذِي لآ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْهِ ‘Astaghfirulla-hallazee La Ila-ha Illa hual Haiyul Qaiyu-mu wa Atoobu Ilaiahi’.

(I beg pardon to Allah, except whom there is none to be worshipped, who is ever-living and sustainer of the universe and to Him I am going back (i. e. I am repenting).[133]

(2) لآ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ سُبْحَانَكَ إِنِّيْ كُنْتُ مِنَ الظَّالِمِيْنَ La Ila-ha illa Anta Subha-naka Innee kuntu minaz Zoa-limeen. (There is none to be worshipped than you, you are the Holiest. Truly I am among the wrong-doers). The Prophet (sm) said, when a Muslim calls his fosterer in any disaster with this Doa, which was said by (the Prophet) yunus when he was in the belly of the fish, Allah will respond to him.[134]

(3)رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِيْ وَتُبْ عَلَيَّ إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيْمُ  Rabbighfirlee wa Tub ‘Alaiya. Innaka Antat Tauwa-bur Raheem. (Oh my fosterer! Pardon me and accept my repentance. Verily you are most relenting and most gracious’) 100 times.[135]

21. (a) Doa for the parents:

رَبِّ ارْحَمْهُمَا كَمَا رَبَّيَانِي صَغِيراً، (الإسراء 24)-     

(1) Rabbirhamhuma kama Rabbaya-nee Sagheera (Oh my fosterer! Be kind to my parents, as they cherished me in my childhood (with kindness)’ (Isra 17/24). It should not be said in Sijdah, because it is a verse of the holy Quran. So, it may be said after Doa-i-Mathoorah in the last sitting of Salat.

(2) رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْ لِي وَلِوَالِدَيَّ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَوْمَ يَقُومُ الْحِسَابُ Rabbanaghfirlee wali wa-lidaya wa lilmumineena Yawma Yaqoomul Hisab. (Oh my fosterer! forgive me and my parents and all the believers, on the Day, when the final reckoning will stand) (Ibraheem 14/41).

Narrated by Abu Huraira (R) the Prophet (sm) said, Truly Allah will uplift the grade of his virtuous slaves. Then the slave will ask, why this upliftment? Allah will answer, it is for seeking forgiveness for you by your descendantبِاسْتِغْفَارِ) (وَلَدِكَ لَكَ .[136]  

 (b) Doa for lender (or for any donor) :

بَارَكَ اللهُ تَعَالَى فِيْ أَهْلِكَ وَمَالِكَ  Ba-rakalla-hu Ta‘a-la fee Ahlika wa Ma-lika (The great Allah may give abundance in your family and property).[137] This is to note that the hadeeth of most popular Doa of بَارَكَ اللهُ فِيْكَ أَوْ فِيْكُمْ Ba-rakalla-hu feeka or Feekum (May Allah give abundance to you!) is Zaeef.[138] But it is allowed to say as the Prophet (sm) has prayed for abundance in different places as it is proved by saheeh hadeethes.

(c) Doa for the man who gives help :

جَزَاكَ اللهُ خَيْرًا Jazha-kalla-hu Khairan (May Allah give you good return).[139] The Prophet (sm) says, مَنْ لَمْ يَشْكُرِ النَّاسَ لَمْ يَشْكُرِ اللهَ ‘Who would not express gratitude to man he would not express gratitude to Allah’.[140] Allah says, لَئِنْ شَكَرْتُمْ لَأَزِيدَنَّكُمْ وَلَئِنْ كَفَرْتُمْ إِنَّ عَذَابِي لَشَدِيدٌ ‘If you express gratitude, surely I will give you more. But if you show ingratitude, then truly my punishment is too severe indeed’ (Ibraheem 14/7).

(d) Doa for self (as the Doa of Solaiman (A):

رَبِّ أَوْزِعْنِيْ أَنْ أَشْكُرَ نِعْمَتَكَ الَّتِي أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيَّ وَعَلَى وَالِدَيَّ وَأَنْ أَعْمَلَ صَالِحًا تَرْضَاهُ وَأَدْخِلْنِي بِرَحْمَتِكَ فِيْ عِبَادِكَ الصَّالِحِيْنَ، (النمل 19)-

Pronunciation:Rabbi Awzi‘nee un Ashkura Ni‘matakallatee An‘amta ‘alaiya, wa ‘ala Wa-lidaiya, wa un A‘mala Soa-lihan Tarza-hu, wa Adkhilnee bi Rahmatika fee ‘Iba-dikas Soa-liheen.

Translation: Oh my Lord! give me ability that I may express my gratitude to your bounty which you have bestowed upon me and upon my parents, and that I may do good deeds which you like and admit me by your kindness among your righteous slaves’ (Naml 27/19).

(d) Doa after age of 40 for well-beings of himself & his descendant:

رَبِّ أَوْزِعْنِيْ أَنْ أَشْكُرَ نِعْمَتَكَ الَّتِي أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيَّ وَعَلَى وَالِدَيَّ وَأَنْ أَعْمَلَ صَالِحًا تَرْضَاهُ وَأَصْلِحْ لِي فِيْ ذُرِّيَّتِي إِنِّيْ تُبْتُ إِلَيْكَ وَإِنِّيْ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِيْنَ- (الأحقاف 15)-

Pronunciation: Rabbi Awzi‘nee un Ashkura Ni‘matakallatee An‘amta ‘alaiya, wa ‘ala Wa-lidaiya, wa un A‘mala Soa-lihan Tarza-hu, wa Aslih lee fee Zurriyatee, Innee Tubtu Ilaika, wa Innee minal Muslimeen'.

Translation: Oh my Lord! give me ability that I may express my gratitude to your bounty which you have bestowed upon me and upon my parents, and that I may do good deeds which you like and you do well-being for me in my offspring. Truly I have turned to you in repentance and truly I am one of the muslims (submitting myself to your will)’ (Ahqaf 46/15).

Ibnu Abbas (R) said that, this Doa was said by Abu Bakr (R), when he was of 40, and he was the only man, whose children and parents all were embrace Islam’ (Qurtubi). This is to note that Abu Bakr (R) was younger than Rasoolullah (sm) for two years.

22. (a) Doa to enter a village or town:

اَللَّهُمَّ إِنِّىْ اَسْأَلُكَ خَيْرَ هَذِِهِ الْقَرِيْةِ وَخَيْرَ أَهْلِهَا وَخَيْرَ مَا فِيْهَا، وَنَعُوْذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّهَا وَشَرِّ أَهْلِهَا وَشَرِّ مَا فِيْهَا-

Pronunciation: Alla-humma innee As’aluka Khaira ha-zihil Qariati wa Khaira Ahliha wa Khaira ma feeha; wa A‘oozu  bika min Sharriha wa Sahrri Ahliha wa Sharri ma feeha.

Translation: Oh Allah! I pray to you the goodness of this village and goodness of the dwellers of it and goodness of things in it. (Oh Alllah!) I take refuge with you from the evils of this village and evils of the dwellers of it and evils of things in it’.[141]

(b) Doa to enter the market :

Narrated by Umar (R) the Prophet (sm) said, one who read the Doa below at the time to enter the market, Allah would write for him one lac of virtues, remove one lac of small vices, uplift his grade of honour to one lac of steps and build for him a house in the Heaven:

لآ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَهُ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ يُحْيِي وَيُمِيْتُ وَهُوَ حَيٌّ لاَ يَمُوْتُ، بِيَدِهِ الْخَيْرُ وَ هُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيْرٌ-

Pronunciation: La ila-ha illalla-hu wahdahu la shareeka lahu lahul Mulku wa lahul Hamdu, Yuhiee wa Yumeetu, wa hua Hayun la yamootu, bi yadihil Khairu, wa hua ‘ala kulle shayin Qadeer.

Translation: There is none to be worshipped than Allah, He is one, He has no partner. All kingship for Him and all praises for Him. He gives life and death, He is ever-living and does not die. All well-beings lie in His hand. He is all-powerfull on everything.[142]

23. Substantial Doa :

‘A-yesha (R) said that ‘the Prophet (sm) always would like substantial Doa and would leave other than it’.[143] Different Doas to that effect are stated below :

(a) اَللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَّفِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَّقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ، أو اَللَّهُمَّ آتِنَا فِى الدُّنْيَا... Alla-humma Rabbana A-tina fiddunia Hasanataon wa fil A-khirati Hasanataon wa Qina ‘Aza-bann-r’. OrAlla-humma A-tina fiddunia.... (Oh Allah! Oh our fosterer! You give benefaction to ours in worldly life and benefaction in the life hereafter and save us from the punishment of the Hell’). Anas (R) said that, the Prophet (sm) would read it most of the time.[144] It is not proper to lay upon himself any hardship by the name of Ibadat (prayer), which is out of ability. If anyone would do it, then he must have to leave it and to read the Doa above, by which he will get back his health, if Allah wishes.[145]

(b) To do Doa with Ism-i-A‘zam. As, اَللَّهُمَّ إِنِّيْ أَسْأَلُكَ بِأَنَّكَ أَنْتَ اللهُ الْأَحَدُ الصَّمَدُ الَّذِيْ لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُوْلَدْ وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ Alla-humma Innee As’alukabiannaka Antalla-hul Ahadus Samadullazee lam Yalid wa lam Yulad. Wa lam Yakullahu Kufuwan Ahad (Oh Allah! I pray to you, because you are Allah. You are One. Not dependent on any. Who begets none, nor is He begotten. And there is none equal unto Him). On hearing this Doa by a man, the Prophet (sm) said, this man has prayed to Allah with Ism-i-A‘zam (great names of Allah). Who will pray with that names, he will be given the same, and when would be prayed by it, that will be accepted.[146]

(c) The Doa of sitting between two sijdahs is also considered as substantial Doa.[147] 

24. Doa of morning & evening :

بِسْمِ اللهِ الَّذِيْ لاَ يَضُرُّ مَعَ إِسْمِهِ شَيْءٌ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلاَ فِي السَّمَاءِ وَهُوَ السَّمِيْعُ الْعَلِيْمُ-

(a) Bismilla-hillazi La Yazurru ma‘a Ismihi Shaiyun fil Arzi wa La fissama-i, wa Huas Samee‘ul ‘Aleem.

(In the name of Allah, with the name of whom none can do harm in the Earth & in the Sky and He is all-hearing and all-knowing’).

The Prophet (sm) said that, ‘one who reads it thrice in the morning, nothing could harm to him till evening and if it is read in evening thrice, nothing could harm to him till morning’ or ‘could not appear any disaster to him accidentally’.[148]

(b) اَللَّهُمَّ إِنِّيْ أَسْأَلُكَ الْعَفْوَ وَالْعَافِيَةَ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ Alla-humma innee As’alukal ‘Afwa wal ‘A-fiata fiddunia wal A-khirah (Oh Allah! I beg your mercy and safety in this life and the life hereafter).[149] Abdullah Ibnu Umar (R) says that, ‘the Prophet (sm) would not leave to read this Doa in morning and evening’.

(c) The Prophet (sm) would say after the salat of Fajr, اَللَّهُمَّ إِنِّيْ أَسْأَلُكَ  عِلْمًا نَافِعًا  وَعَمَلاً مُتَقَبَّلاً  وَرِزْقًا طَيِّباً- Alla-humma innee As’aluka ‘ilman Na-fe‘an, wa ‘Amalam Mutaqabbalan, wa Rizhqan Tayieban’. (Oh Allah! I pray to You usefull knowledge and accepted deed and pure livelihood’).[150]

25. Doa at the end of reciting the Quran and of the Meeting:

سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لآ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وَأَتُوْبُ إِلَيْكَ-

Pronunciation: Subha-nakalla-humma wa bihamdika Ashhadu alla-Ila-ha Illa Anta, Astaghfiruka wa Atoobu Ilaika’.

Translation: You are the Holiest, Oh Allah! with the praise of you, I bear witness that there is none to be worshipped than you. I beg forgiveness from you and I am going back to you (with repentance)’. The Prophet (sm) says:

‘On reading this Doa before ending the meeting, all the good talks of him in the meeting will be sealed for him till the Day of Resurrection and all the sins of his useless talks during the meeting are to be pardoned and it becomes the fine of those sins’.[151]

This Doa would be read individually. This is to note that, at the end of reciting the holy Quran or at the end of the meeting or congregation to read the Doa congregationally raising two hands which is in vogue, has no basis.

---o---

Oh Allah! forgive the mistakes of this poor writer and accept this insignificant service in your path of your poor slave. Oh Allah! All the Mumins male and female who will read this book and will bring it into their practice, as per the promise of your Prophet (sm), add in full to the account of good deeds of this indigent writer and through this, save the author and his parents and descendants and all of his well-wishers from the mischiefs in the grave and in the Day of Resurrection. Ameen! Subha-nalla-hi wa Behamdihi, Subha-nalla-hil ‘Azeem!

رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ السَّمِيْعُ الْعَلِيْمُ وَتُبْ عَلَيْنَا إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيمُ، سُبْحَانَ رَبِّكَ رَبِّ الْعِزَّةِ عَمَّا يَصِفُوْنَ وَسَلاَمٌ عَلَى الْمُرْسَلِيْنَ وَالْحَمْدُ ِللهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْنَ، وَصَلَّي اللهُ تَعَالَي عَلَي نَبِيِّنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ أَجْمَعِيْنَ وَمَنْ تَبِعَهُمْ بِإِحْسَانِ إِلَي يَوْمِ الدِّيْنِ- سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لآ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وَأَتُوْبُ إِلَيْكَ- رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْلِى وَلِوَالِدَىَّ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ يَوْمَ يَقُوْمُ الْحِسَابُ-



[1]. Ahmad, Tirmizi etc. Mishkat H/ 2230, Ch: 9, Doas, Section : 2.

[2]. Ghafir/Mumin 40/60; ‘Awnul Ma‘bood H/1466, See commentary, Para: 352, Doas.

[3]. Ibnu Majah H/3827, Ch: 34, Doa, Para: 1, Dignity of Doa.

[4]. Tirmizi, Ibnu Majah, Sanad Hasan, Mishkat H/ 2232, Ch: 9, Doas, Section : 2.

[5]. Ahmad, Hakem, Mishkat H/2259, Ch: 9, Doas; Sanad Hasan –Albani; Hadeeth Saheeh, Ahmad Hasan Dehlavi, Tanqeehur Ruwat fee Takhreeji Ahadeethil Mishkat (Lahore: Darud Da‘watis Salafiyah: 1983), P. 2/69.

[6]. Abu Daud H/1486-87, 89; Do, Mishkat H/2256, Ch: 9, Doas. 

[7]. Tirmizi, Abu Daud, Nasaii, Mishkat H/930-31, Ch: 4, Salat, Para: 16, To say Darood on the Prophet (sm) and its merit; Albani, Sifat P. 162.

[8]. A‘raf 7/55.

[9]. A‘raf 7/56, 205; Zumar 39/53-54; Isra 17/110.

[10]. Abu Daud H/1482; Do, Mishkat H/2246, Ch: 9, Doas.

[11]. Ghafir/Mumin 40/60.

[12]. Muslim, Mishkat H/2228, Ch: 9, Doas, Section : 1.

[13]. Abu Daud, Tirmizi, Ibnu Majah, Mishkat H/2250, Ch: 9, Doas, Section:2.

[14]. Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat H/1772, Ch: 6, Zakat, Section: 1.

[15]. Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Muslim, Mishkat H/4159, 61; Abu Daud, Mishkat H/4202. This is to note that, to say Allah Shafi, Allah Khafi at the time of taking medicine has no basis. It is shown written in dispensaries & hospitals, which should be shunned.

[16]. Bukhari, Muslim, Mishkat H/4199, 4200, Ch: 2, Foods, Section : 1.

[17]. Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat H/4294-96. Ch: 21, Foods, Para: 5.

[18]. Ibnu Majah, H/3803, Ch: 3, Good manner, Para: 55; Hakem, Silsila Saheehah H/265. 

[19]. Bukhari, H/6218-19, Ch: 78, ‘Good manner’ Para: 121; Do, H/4741. Ch: ‘Tafseer’, Sura Hajj (22), Para:1.

[20]. Bukhari, H/3598, Ch: 61, ‘Dignities’ Para: 25 ‘Signs of prophet-hood’.

[21]. Muslim, Mishkat H/281, Ch: 3, cleanness, Section : 1.

[22]. Muslim, Mishkat H/1618, Ch: 5, janaiz, Para: 3.

[23]. Tirmizi, Abu Daud, Mishkat H/4741, Ch: 25, Good manners, Para: 6, sneeze & yawn. 

[24]. Tirmizi, Daremi, Hakem, Mishkat H/4739, 4744, Ch: 25, Para: 6. 

[25]. Bukhari, Mishkat H/4733, Ch: 25, Para: 6. 

[26]. Tirmizi, Abu Daud, Mishkat H/4741. 

[27]. Muslim, Mishkat H/4735.

[28]. Tirmizi, Abu Daud, Mishkat H/4740.

[29]. Bukhari, Muslim, Mishkat H/4732, Ch: 25, Good manners, Para: 6.

[30]. Muslim, Mishkat H/4737. This is to note that, to say ‘La hawla wala quwata illa billah’ at this time has no proof.

[31]. Tirmizi, Abu Daud, Mishkat H/992; Muslim, Mishkat H/978.

[32]. Bukhari, Muslim, etc. Mishkat H/4631, 29, 32, 33, 48, Ch: 25, Good manners, Para: 1, Salam.

[33]. Abu Daud H/5200, Ch: 35, Good manner, Para: 149.

[34]. Tirmizi, Abu Daud, Mishkat H/4660, Ch: 25, Para: 1, Salam.

[35]. Ahmad, Tirmizi, Mishkat H/4646.

[36]. Abu Daud H/5215-17, Ch: 35, Good manner, Para: 158.

[37]. Bukhari, Al-Adabul Mufrad H/1029, Tahqeeq Albani.

[38]. Abu Daud H/5228, Ch: 35, Good manner, Para: 167.

[39]. Abu Daud H/5233, Ch: 35, Good manner, Para: 170.

[40]. Bukhari, Al-Adabul Mufrad H/1025.

[41]. Bukhari, Al-Adabul Mufrad H/1024.

[42]. Tirmizi, Abu Daud, Mishkat H/4644.

[43]. Abu Daud, Mishkat H/4645.

[44]. Abu Daud, Mishkat H/4655, Ch: 25, Good manners, Para: 1, Salam.

[45]. Tirmizi, Muwatta, Mishkat H/991,1013, Para: 19, things are not permissible &  permissible in Salat.

[46]. Abu Daud, Mishkat H/4654.

[47]. Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat H/4639; Ahmad, Mishkat H/4647.

[48]. Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat H/4637.

[49]. Tirmizi, Mishkat, H/4653; Silsila Saheehah H/816.

[50]. Baihaqi-Shu‘ab; Mishkat H/4676, Ch: 25, Para: 2, ‘To seek permission’; Saheehah H/817.

[51]. Bukhari, Mishkat H/4677, Ch: 25, Good manners, Para: 3, ‘Shaking hands & embracing’. 

[52]. Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat H/400, Ch: 3, cleanness, Para: 4, Sunnats of Ozu; Bukhari H/168, Ch: 4, Ablution, Para: 31, (عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُعْجِبُهُ التَّيَمُّنُ فِي تَنَعُّلِهِ وَتَرَجُّلِهِ وَطُهُوْرِهِ وَفِيْ شَأْنِهِ كُلِّهِ) Muslim H/617 (268/67), Ch: 2, Cleanness, Para: 19.

[53]. Tirmizi H/2728, Ibnu Majah H/3702; Do, Mishkat H/4680, Ch: 25, Good manners, Para: 3, shaking hands & embracing.

[54]. Abu Daud H/5212; Ahmad, Tirmizi, Ibnu Majah, Mishkat H/4679.

[55]. Tirmizi H/2733, Ibnu Majah H/3704-05; Al-Adabul Mufrad H/975-76, Para: To touch the feet.

[56]. Abu Daud, Tirmizi, Mishkat H/2443, Ch: 9, Doas, Para: 7.

[57]. Tirmizi, Abu Daud, Ibnu Majah, Mishkat H/2435.

[58]. Tirmizi H/3444, Mishkat H/2437.

[59]. Ahmad H/22105; Do, Mishkat H/5227, Ch: 26, To soften the heart, Sec: 3.

[60]. Abu Daud H/2498; Tirmizi, Mishkat H/2248, Ch: 9, Doas.

[61]. Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat H/6199, Ch: 30, Dignities, Para: 12, Collective dignities.

[62]. Nasaii, Mishkat H/2926.

[63]. Bukhari, Mishkat H/2453, Ch: 9, Doas, Para: 7.

[64]. Ahmad, Tirmizi, Abu Daud, Mishkat H/2434, Ch: 9, Doas, Para: 7.

[65]. Zhukhruf 43/13-14.

[66]. Muslim, Miskhat H/2420, Ch: 9, Doas. Para: 7.

[67]. Muslim, Mishkat H/2422.

[68]. Muslim, Mishkat H/2423; Tirmizi H/3437; Saheehul Jame‘ H/6427.

[69]. Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat H/2425, Ch: 9, Doas, Para: 7.

[70]. Bukhari, Mishkat H/2453, Ch: 9, Doas, Para: 7.

[71]. Bukhari H/443, Ch: 8, Salat, Para: 59; Do, H/4677, Ch: 65, Tafseer, Para: 18.

[72]. Muslim, Mishkat H/4161, Ch: 21, Foods, Section : 1.

[73]. Noor 24/27-28; Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat H/4667, Ch: 25, Good manners, Para: 2.

[74]. Muttafaq ‘Alaih. Mishkat H/4669.

[75]. Noor 24/27; Muslim, Nasaii, Mishkat H/4668, 4675; Albani, Silsila Saheehah H/817-18.

[76]. Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat H/4159; Tirmizi, Ibnu Majah, Mishkat H/4211, Ch: 21, Foods.

[77]. Muslim,Mishkat H/4163.

[78]. Muslim, Mishkat H/4165, 4167.

[79]. Abu Daud H/3852, Ch: 21, Para: 54.

[80]. Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Muslim, Mishkat H/4264, 4266, Ch: 21, Foods, Para: 3, Drinkings; Muslim H/5275 (2024/113), Ch: 36, Drinkings, Para: 14.

[81]. Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Bukhari, Mishkat H/4268-69, Ch: 21, Para: 3.

[82]. Abu Daud, Ibnu Majah, Mishkat H/4277; Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat H/4263.

[83]. Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat H/4273, Ch: 21, Foods, Para: 3, Drinkings.

[84]. Tirmizi, Ibnu Majah, Mishkat H/5192, Ch: 26, To soften the heart.

[85]. Muslim, Mishkat H/4178, Ch: 21, Foods, Section : 1.

[86]. Bukhari, Mishkat H/4173.

[87]. Bukhari, Mishkat H/4168.

[88]. Muslim, Mishkat H/4160, Ch: 21, Foods, Section: 1.

[89]. Tirmizi, Abu Daud, Mishkat H/4202, Ch: 21, Section: 2.

[90]. Muslim, Mishkat H/4200, Ch: 21, Foods; Tirmizi, Mishkat H/4343, Ch: 22, Dress.

[91]. Tirmizi, Abu Daud, Mishkat H/4343; Irwa H/1989; Saheehul Jame‘ H/6086. This is to note that the hadeeth about to say Doa in this time, which is in vogue ‘Alhamdu lillla-hillazi At‘amana wa Saqa-na....’ is Za‘eef. Abu Daud, Tirmizi, Ibnu Majah, Mishkat H/4204.

[92]. Tirmizi, Abu Daud, Mishkat H/4283.

[93]. Tirmizi, Abu Daud, Mishkat H/4283, Ch: 21, Foods, Para: 3, Drinkings; Saheehah H/2320; Saheehul Jame‘ H/381.

[94]. Bukhari, Mishkat H/4199, Ch: 21, Foods.

[95]. Bukhari, Mishkat H/4182.

[96]. Muslim H/5362 (2055/174); Ch: 36, Drinkings, Para: 32; Ahmad H/23860, Sanad Saheeh.

[97]. Abu Daud H/3854; Ibnu Majah H/1747; Sharhus Sunnah, Mishkat H/4249.

[98]. Muslim, Mishkat H/2427, Ch: 9, Doas, Para: 7.

[99]. Bukhari H/6315, 6324; Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat H/2382, 2384, Ch: 9, Doas, Para: 6.

[100]. Abu Daud, Mishkat H/1993, Ch: 7, Fasting, Para: 2. This is to note that the hadeeth in vogue about the Doa Allahumma laka Sumtu wa ‘Ala Rizhqika Aftartu is Za‘eef (Abu Daud, Mishkat H/1994; Ja‘eeful Jame‘ H/631) and there have got no proof about the Doa of Allahumma Sumtu laka.

[101]. Ahmad, Tirmizi, Ibnu Majah, Mishkat H/2091, Ch: 7, Fasting, Para: 8.  

[102]. Ahmad, Abu Daud, Mishkat H/2441, Ch: 9, Doas. Para: 7.

[103]. Muslim, Mishkat H/2462. Ch: 9, Doas. Para: 8.

[104]. Muslim, Mishkat H/77. Ch: 1, Iman, Section : 3.  

[105]. Bukhari, Mishkat H/2335, Ch: 9, Doas, Para: 4, ‘To beg pardon & to make repentance’.

[106]. Daremi H/1687-88; Tirmizi H/3451; Mishkat H/2428; Saheehah H/1816.

[107]. Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat H/1513, Ch: 4, Salat, Para: 53, The storm.  

[108]. Saheeh ibnu Hibban, Silsila Saheehah H/2058; Saheehul Jame‘ H/4670.  

[109]. Ra‘d 13/13; Muwatta, Mishkat H/1522; Ch: 4, Salat, Para: 53, The storm.  

[110]. Abu Daud, Tirmizi, Nasaii, Mishkat H/2162-63, Ch: 8, Merits of the Quran, Section 2.

[111]. Ahmad, Tirmizi, Mishkat H/1521. Ch: 4, Salat, Para: 53, The storm.

[112]. Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat H/1530; Abu Daud, Mishkat H/4552, Ch: 23, Treatment & Exorcism.

[113]. Bukhari, Mishkat H/1529, Ch: 5, Janaiz. Para: 1, ‘To nurse the patient & its virtues’.

[114]. Muslim, Mishkat H/1533.  

[115]. Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat H/1532.

[116]. Abu Daud, Mishkat H/4343, Ch: 22, Dress; Saheehul Jame‘ H/6086.

[117]. Bukhari, Mishkat H/4314, Ch: 22, Dress.

[118]. Tirmizi, Abu Daud, Nasaii, Mishkat H/4334-35, Ch: 22, Dress.

[119]. Abu Daud, Tirmizi, Mishkat H/1638, Ch: 5, Janaiz, Para: 4. ‘To bathe the deceased & to shroud it’.

[120]. Ibnu Majah H/1905; Ahmad, Tirmizi, Abu Daud, Mishkat H/2445, Ch: 9, Doas, Para: 7 ‘Doas in deffernt times’.

[121]. Ibnu Majah H/1906-07.

[122]. Abu Daud, Ibnu Majah, Mishkat H/2446, Ch: 9, Doas, Para: 7; Mirqat 5/216.

[123]. Tirmizi, Mishkat H/2454, Ch: 9, Doas, Para: 7; Saheehul Jame‘ H/4777.   

[124]. Bukhari H/3598.

[125]. Bukhari H/933, 1021; Abu Daud H/1174; Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat H/5902, Ch: 29, Para: 7.

[126]. Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat H/2457, Ch: 9, Doas, Para: 8, To seek refuge with Allah.

[127]. Muslim, Mishkat H/2461.

[128]. Abu Daud H/1525, Ch: 2, Salat, Para: 361, To beg forgiveness to Allah.

[129]. Muslim, Mishkat H/2325, Ch: 9, Doas, Para: 4, To beg pardon & to make repentance.

[130]. Tirmizi, Ibnu Majah, Daremi, Mishkat H/ 2341, Ch: 9, Doas, Para: 4, To beg pardon and to make repentance.

[131]. Muslim, Mishkat H/2332.

[132]. Nabavi, Riazus Sa-leheen, Ch: To make repentance.

[133]. Tirmizi, Abu Daud, Mishkat H/2353, Ch: 9, Doas, Para: 4; Saheehah H/2727.

[134]. Ahmad, Tirmizi, Mishkat H/2292, Ch: 9, Doas, Para: 2, The names of Allah.

[135]. Abu Daud, Ibnu Majah, Mishkat H/2352, Ch: 9, Doas, Para: 4.

[136]. Ahmad, Ibnu Majah, Mishkat H/2354, Ch: 9, Doas, Para: 4; Saheehah H/1598.

[137]. Nasaii, Mishkat H/2926, Ch: 11, Business, Para: 9.

[138]. Baihaqi, Dalaylun Nabuwat. Mishkat H/1880; Sanad Za‘eef, Ch: 6, Zakat, Para: 5.

[139]. Tirmizi, Mishkat H/3024, Ch: 11, Business, Para: 17; Bukhari H/336, Ch: 7, Taiyammum, Para: 2.

[140]. Ahmad, Tirmizi, Mishkat H/3025.

[141]. Hakem, Silsila Saheehah H/2759. 

[142]. Tirmizi H/3428, Mishkat H/2431, Ch: 9, Doas, Para: 7, Doas in different times.

[143]. Abu Daud H/1482; Do, Mishkat H/2246, Ch: 9, Doas, Sec : 2.

[144]. Bukhari H/4522, 6389; Baqarah 2/201; Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat H/2487; Ch: 9, Doas. Para: 9, Substantial Doas.

[145]. Muslim, Tirmizi, Mishkat H/2502-03, Para: 9, Substantial Doas.

[146]. Ibnu Majah H/3857, Ch: 34, Doa, Para: 9, Ism-i-A‘zam of Allah; Abu Daud H/1493; ‘Awnul Ma‘bood H/1482, see commentary.

[147]. Muslim, Mishkat H/2486, Para: 9, Substantial Doas; See Para: Doa of sitting between two Sijdahs  P. 18. of this book.

[148]. Tirmizi, Ibnu Majah, Abu Daud, Mishkat H/2391, Ch: 9, Doas, Para: 6. What would be read at the morning & evening and at the bed-time.

[149]. Ibnu Majah H/3871.

[150]. Ahmad, Ibnu Majah, Tabarani Sagheer, Mishkat H/2498, Ch: 9, Doas, Para: 9, Substantial Doa.

[151]. Tirmizi, Nasaii, Ibnu Majah, Mishkat H/2433, 2450, Ch: 9, Doas, Para: 7 ‘Doas in different times’.